set-4

Exercise 2.95

in

Define P1, P2, and P3 to be the polynomials

Now define Q1 to be the product of P1 and P2 and Q2 to be the product of P1 and P3, and use greatest-common-divisor (exercise 2.94) to compute the GCD of Q1 and Q2. Note that the answer is not the same as P1. This example introduces noninteger operations into the computation, causing difficulties with the GCD algorithm.[61] To understand what is happening, try tracing gcd-terms while computing the GCD or try performing the division by hand.

[61] In an implementation like MIT Scheme, this produces a polynomial that is indeed a divisor of Q1 and Q2, but with rational coefficients. In many other Scheme systems, in which division of integers can produce limited-precision decimal numbers, we may fail to get a valid divisor. [back]

Exercise 2.94

in

Using div-terms, implement the procedure remainder-terms and use this to define gcd-terms as above. Now write a procedure gcd-poly that computes the polynomial GCD of two polys. (The procedure should signal an error if the two polys are not in the same variable.) Install in the system a generic operation greatest-common-divisor that reduces to gcd-poly for polynomials and to ordinary gcd for ordinary numbers. As a test, try

(define p1 (make-polynomial 'x '((4 1) (3 -1) (2 -2) (1 2))))
(define p2 (make-polynomial 'x '((3 1) (1 -1))))
(greatest-common-divisor p1 p2)

and check your result by hand.

Exercise 2.49

in
Use segments->painter to define the following primitive painters:

  1. The painter that draws the outline of the designated frame.
  2. The painter that draws an “X” by connecting opposite corners of the frame.
  3. The painter that draws a diamond shape by connecting the midpoints of the sides of the frame.
  4. The wave painter.

Exercise 2.48

in

A directed line segment in the plane can be represented as a pair of vectors — the vector running from the origin to the start-point of the segment, and the vector running from the origin to the end-point of the segment. Use your vector representation from exercise 2.46 to define a representation for segments with a constructor make-segment and selectors start-segment and end-segment.

Syndicate content